Carbon Trading
A Critical Conversation on Climate Change, Privatisation and Power

by Larry Lohmann (editor)

first published 9 October 2006

For more than two decades, official responses to the climate crisis have been causing new and severe problems. At least one of these responses -- carbon markets, still the main international approach to climate change -- has even been making global warming worse.

Carbon markets have two parts. First, governments hand out free tradable rights to emit carbon dioxide to big industrial polluters, allowing them to make money from business as usual. Second, companies buy additional pollution credits from projects in the South that claim to emit less greenhouse gas than they would have without the investment. Most of the carbon credits being sold to industrialized countries come from polluting projects, such as schemes that burn methane from coal mines or waste dumps, which do little to wean the world off fossil fuels. Tree plantations claimed to absorb carbon dioxide, in addition, often drive people off their lands and destroy biological diversity without resulting in progress toward alternative energy systems.

This exhaustively-documented but highly-readable book, which has been downloaded in over 600,000 copies, takes a broad look at the social, political and environmental dimensions of carbon trading and investigates climate mitigation alternatives. It provides a short history of carbon trading and discusses a number of 'lessons unlearned'. Detailed case studies from ten Third World countries -- Guatemala, Ecuador, Uganda, Tanzania, Costa Rica, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, South Africa and Brazil -- expose the outcomes on the ground of various carbon 'offset' schemes.

The book concludes that the 'carbon trading' approach to the problem of rapid climate change is both ineffective and unjust. The bulk of fossil fuels must be left in the ground if climate chaos is to be avoided.

The full publication is available in the PDF above. The individual chapters can also be downloaded separately; follow the links in the left hand column under .

To order a paper copy, please contact The Corner House.

A higher-resolution version of the bookwith clearer graphics, is also available.